COFFEE BY WOMEN
Kahvintuotannon haasteet Itä-Afrikassa ovat korkeat; ennen kaikkea tuotto on alhainen eli kahvimarjojen vähyys pensaissa, epävarmat tulot, pienet perhetilat ja se, että perheen tiloilla työskentelevillä naisilla on hyvin vähän vaikutusta siihen miten ja mihin viljelystä tulleet tuotot käytetään.
Coffee By Women myötävaikuttaa myös seuraaviin asioihin:
- Parempi kahvinviljelijöiden talous. (Improve Coffee Economics)
- Autamme yhteisöjen sopeutumiskykyä muutoksiin, kuten ilmastonmuutokseen. (Make Communities More Resilient )
- Ympäristön vastuullisuuden parantaminen. (Make Landscapes More Sustainably Managed)
Maksuttomat koulutukset on tarkoitettu ensisijaisesti pienten ja keskisuurten kahvitilojen viljelijöille, koska niiden tavoitteena on saavuttaa mahdollisimman suuri osa kahvinviljelijöistä. Naisten osallistuminen ja yrittäjyys ovat tärkeitä asioita, koska naispuoliset kahvinviljelijät työskentelevät usein osuuskunnissa. Toimintatapa on edistänyt kestävää kahvinviljelyä sekä viljelijöiden ja osuuskuntien välistä tiedonvaihtoa. Tuotot sijoitetaan yleensä pitkäjänteisesti viljelyyn, työntekijöihin, perheisiin ja muuhun oheistoimintaan, joka vahvistaa kotitalouksien taloudellista asemaa.
Kahvinviljely on ollut pitkään miesvaltainen ammatti. Naisviljelijöiden määrä on kuitenkin kasvanut, koska naisten mahdollisuudet harjoittaa omaa liiketoimintaansa ovat parantuneet – usein ulkopuolisen tuen avulla.
ZOÉGAS panostaa kestävyyteen ja haluaa auttaa mahdollisimman monia kahvinviljelijöitä siirtymään perinteisestä viljelystä vähitellen kohti kestävää tuotantoa ja viljelmien sertifiointia. Tiedämme, että meidän on aloitettava kahvinviljelijöistä, joilla on vähiten edellytyksiä kestävän kahvin tarjonnan lisäämiseen. Ainutlaatuisen Zoégas -maun mahdollistavat korkealaatuiset kahvipavut, jotka kasvavat lähinnä Itä-Afrikassa. Vastuullisesti viljeltyä korkealaatuista kahviamme saadaan alueelta rajoitetusti, eikä tarjonta riitä vastaamaan kasvavaan kysyntään
I grew up in the Rulindo district where I lived a relatively normal life, growing up we were not involved in coffee farming but other food crops such as beans, sweet potatoes and sorghum.
Now I earn money from coffee growing which helps in the development of my family. Partnering with Kahawatu I have gained skills based on good agriculture practices.
All the land I have now goes up to one hectare, the coffee I have planted is in good condition and I am planning to start harvesting it this year for the first time. I have a few exceptions of a number of trees that didn’t grow properly because of the sun, I am in the process of asking for replacement of those trees.
Since working with the Foundation we take care of our coffee in a serious manner, the lessons we obtained through Kahawatu include how to properly plant coffee and applying best agricultural practices and how to apply fertilizer on coffee trees.
The challenge we face is not being able to do all on farm activities such as pruning. Secondly most females whose households are headed by
men, have limited access to coffee income. In order to help female coffee farmers should be facilitated with equipment which do not require much energy to use it. Also advocate for women with limited access to income from coffee. Before working with Kahawatu I never obtained 3 tons and since I started working with Kahawatu, last year I got 4.5 tons and now I have reached 5 tons.
MARTIN KIMTAI MOCHOMU
My name is Martin Kimtai Mochomu, I am married and have five children. I am a farmer in the Kapkurongo Cooperative and have been growing since 2017. I have been doing this for three years and am therefore still relatively new to coffee growing. I have a quarter acre of coffee, that means about 150 trees, of the new Batian variety.
Right now I harvest about 440 kg per season. It is about three kilos per tree. So I still have a long way to go but through the training we have had with the agronomist, I know that next year I will be able to harvest 3.5 kilos and after that I can improve a little every year.
In the beginning I looked for jobs everywhere, sometimes I had a job and sometimes I was without. I therefore had no stable source of income and it created a lot of uncertainty for my family. I had to look around for what else I could support myself with and I chose coffee because it is easy to handle and the market is not saturated in the same way. It is also worth mentioning that it is really exciting and every day there are several activities to perform on the farm.
So far I have invested Kenya shillings 15, 000 and I will invest more in the expansion of the farm. Coffee growing has created a job for me and now also my two employees.
Through our agent, we heard about the Nestlé partnership - and we thank God for Nestlé. Coffee is a perennial crop and therefore you need to know exactly what to do. I almost gave up the coffee business before Nestlé came into the picture because we would lose so much production due to poor farming practices. It is not easy to get a good agronomist, and those that are available I can not afford. But this type of training, I think I will be able to harvest 10 kg per tree in the next five years.
Lillian is a young woman who owned land with a total of 100 coffee bushes in 2017. This after taking over them from her parents, the only legacy she has as it looks today. The 100 shrubs include the old K7 variety and Ruiru. She supplies to Kaughi Wetlands which is affiliated with Mukarwa FCS.
She has been in this business for two years and currently she can harvest 140kgs. With this type of production, Lillian finds it difficult to go break-even, which is one of the reasons why young adults in Kenya are discouraged from cultivating coffee. This means that she only harvests 1.4 kg of shrubs. The last time an economic sustainability study was done in Kenya was in 2018 and then indicated that the economic sustainability of a small farmer such as Lillian in Kenya was 2.53 Kenya shillings, which means that Lillian is currently not economically sustainable. But the brighter side of it all is that the break-even point is 1.28 kg, which means that her business can cover her costs and even leave a small margin for her.
Nestlé's Coffee by Women - initiative was launched in its co-operative in January 2019. It aims to help farmers improve their economic sustainability. The program has hired motorized agronomists to train farmers on their farms. This type of training method is beneficial for young adults like Lillian who have small children and who do not have much time and opportunity to get to a common training place.
The program within Lillian’s co-operative also has a number of places to demonstrate the work they teach. This means that farmers have the opportunity to witness the real activities but also see the benefits of doing it the right way.
Improved productivity will reduce production costs and thus increase the profit margin. However, there are other factors that came into play such as climatic conditions, access to capital and fertilizers (which they can afford) and also price stability.
Although her land is small, Lillian is determined to make her business sustainable, until today she has invested in Kenya Shilling. 8,000 and this only on fertilizer because she can perform most other manual activities with the help of her parents.
Unlike many other young people in the village, Lillian hopes for her coffee cultivation. She strives to harvest 1500 kg for the next five years - which would mean 15 kg / tree. She also believes that through ”Coffee by Women” she will have many coffee management skills and for her it is Nestle / CMS that provides exactly what she needs to make her business sustainable.